By Julie S. Field,Michael Graves

on the base of a steep cliff towering a few 500 toes above the coast of the distant Nā Pali district at the island of Kaua'i, lies the outstanding old and archaeological website at Nu'alolo Kai. First excavated by way of Bishop Museum archaeologists among 1958 and 1964, the location contained the well-preserved is still of 1 of the most important and so much various arrays of conventional and old artifacts ever present in Hawai'i. the home websites that represent the focal point of Abundance and Resilience have been outfitted over 5 centuries of career and contained deeply buried, stratified deposits extending greater than 9 toes underneath the outside. The essays during this quantity aspect the paintings of archaeologists linked to the collage of Hawai'i who've been compiling and learning the animal continues to be recovered from the excavations. The individuals speak about the diversity of meals eaten by means of Hawaiians, the ways that specific species have been captured and harvested, and the way those practices may need developed via alterations within the weather and average surroundings. including to this are analyses of a worldly fabric culture—how old Hawaiians formed animal is still into artifacts comparable to adorns made from shell, pointed chicken bone "pickers," sea urchin and coral records and abraders, turtle shell combs, and bone handles for kāhili (feathered criteria) utilized by Hawaiian royalty.

For researchers, Nu'alolo Kai unfolded the area of way of life of indigenous Hawaiians among advert 1400 and 1900. extra importantly, we find out how their procurement and usage of animals—wild marine organisms and birds, in addition to domesticated canines and pigs—affected neighborhood assets. Demonstrating that an elevated choice for brought animals, akin to canines and pigs, successfully restricted unfavorable affects on wild animal assets, the essays in Abundance and Resilience jointly argue that the Hawaiian neighborhood of Nu'alolo Kai practiced a sustainable kind of animal source procurement and administration for 5 centuries.

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Abundance and Resilience: Farming and Foraging in Ancient Kaua`i by Julie S. Field,Michael Graves

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