By Payson D. Sheets
Scientists have lengthy speculated at the influence of maximum common catastrophes on human societies. Archeology and Volcanism in imperative the US offers dramatic facts of the consequences of numerous volcanic mess ups on a tremendous civilization of the Western Hemisphere, that of the Maya.
During the prior 2,000 years, 4 volcanic eruptions have taken position within the Zapotitán Valley of southern El Salvador. One, the devastating eruption of Ilopango round A.D. three hundred, compelled a big migration, pushing the Mayan humans north to the Yucatán Peninsula. even though later eruptions didn't have long-range implications for cultural swap, one of many next eruptions preserved the Cerén site—a Mesoamerican Pompeii the place the our bodies of the villagers, the palm-thatched roofs in their homes, the pots of foodstuff of their pantries, even the corn crops of their fields have been preserved with striking fidelity.
Throughout 1978, a multidisciplinary workforce of anthropologists, archeologists, geologists, biologists, and others backed through the collage of Colorado's Protoclassic undertaking researched and excavated the result of volcanism within the Zapotitan Valley—a key Mesoamerican web site that modern political strife has in view that rendered inaccessible.
The result's a good contribution to our knowing of the impression of volcanic eruptions on early Mayan civilization. those investigations essentially display that the Maya inhabited this volcanically unsafe valley on the way to gain the non permanent merits that the volcanic ash produced—fertile soil, advantageous clays, and obsidian deposits.
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Archeology and Volcanism in Central America: The Zapotitán Valley of El Salvador (Texas Pan American Series) by Payson D. Sheets